Out of the three bodies, i.e. executive, judiciary and legislative. The function of the legislative is to construct the law. There are different bills that are discussed in the parliament.
- Ordinary Bills
- Money Bill
- Finance bill
- Constitution Amendment Bill
Let’s crack them one by one
Ordinary Bill in Parliament
It is the bill that is presented by minister or any other person .It does not require that prior permission of the President
If anyone wants to introduce a bill in the house, he/she required to take the leave of the house. When the house grants leave, the mover introduces the bill by reading title and the objectives. But if the bill is published in the Gazette then the leave of the house to introduce the bill is not required
At this stage bill receives the detail discussion and scrutiny
This stage further expands into
- Stage of general discussion: The copies of the bill are distributed to all the membes.The principles of the bill are discussed not the details of the bill.
At this stage any four action can be taken by the house:
- Bill can be taken into consideration immediately or on some other fixed date
- Referring the bill to the select committee of the house
- Referring the bill to the joint committee of the two houses.
- It may circulate the bill to elicit public opinion.
- Committee Stage: The bill which is referred to the committee undergoes the process of scrutiny in a very detail manner. It can also amend its provisions but without altering principles underlying it. After completing the process the committee reports the bill back to the house.
It is the stage where debate happens whether to accept or reject the bill. If the majority considers it then it would be treated as passed.
Bill in the second house of the Parliament
Here too bill has to pass through all the stages
- It may pass the bill as sent by the first house.
- It may return it to the first house after doing some amendments.
- I may reject a bill altogether
- It may keep the bill in pending.
If the Rajya Sabha passes the bill without any amendment or the First house accept the amendment suggested by the second house. It would be considered as being passed but
If the second house rejects the bill or the first house rejects the recommendation then the bill goes to the deadlock and President has to call the joint meeting of the two houses.
Assent of President in the Parliament
At last after passing the test on both the houses finally it arrives for the assent of the President.
- He can give assent to the bill
- He can withhold the assent to the bill
- He may return the bill for reconsideration
If the bill gets assent of the President the bill becomes an act.
Importance of Money Bills in the Parliament
Article 110 deals with the definition of money bill. If it contains only provision dealing with all or any of the following matters:
- Imposition, abolition, remission, alteration or regulation of any tax.
- Regulation of borrowing of money by the Union Government.
- Payment into or withdrawal from the consolidate fund of India or Contingency Fund of India.
- Appropriation of money out of the consolidated fund of India.
- Declaration of any expenditure charged on the Consolidate Fund of India or increasing the amount of such expenses.
The authority to decide whether a bill is money bill or not is given to the Speaker. The decision cannot be further challenge in the either house of the Parliament or even by the President.
It takes prior permission of the President to present the money bill.
So in case of money bill the recommendation of the upper house is not valuable because whether to accept it or reject it depends on the Lok Sabha .The recommendation of the Rajya Sabha is not binding on them.
If Rajya Sabha does not return the bill within 14 days it would be deemed to be passesd.
Finance Bill in the parliament
These bills deal that deals with the money matters like revenue and expenditure comes under this.
Articles that comes under this
- Article 110 Money Bill
- Article 117 Finance Bill
- Article 117 Finance Bill