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In the previous part, I have discussed the structure of Parliament. Please first go to my blog   Parliament and have a look at it. Now we would discuss the session of Parliament.

Sessions of Parliament

We have three major sessions (i) the Budget Session (ii) the Monsoon Session (iii) Winter Session. 

There should not be the gap of more than six months between the sessions.

 Period from the first sitting to the prorogation is called sessions. 

Period from the prorogation to its reassembly is called as recess.

The Budget Session: (February to May)

The Monsoon Session (July to September)

The Winter Session (November to December)


It is the process by which members are called together for the new parliament session. It is the   President who gives summon to each house to begin their session.


It is the termination of the meeting in Parliament in a single day of the Parliament session. This is done by Speaker of Lok Sabha and Chairman of Rajya Sabha. It suspends the work of Parliament for certain time which can go for hours, weeks or days.

Adjournment Sine Die

When the Parliament is adjourned without mentioning the day of reassembly, this is called as adjournment sine die. It means terminating a house for indefinite period.


The President issues the notification of prorogation of the session after presiding officers of Parliament declared the adjournment sine die.


After the completion of the term of Lok Sabha . the house is dissolved and the new assembly is formed after the general election.

The dissolution is done in two ways:

·      The house automatically dissolve after the completion of tenure

·      President has the authority to dissolve the house prior to the completion of the tenure.

Impact on bills due to dissolution

Condition 1

When the bill will lapse:

·      A bill pending in the Lok Sabha will lapse whether it is origaned from Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha.

·       A bill passed by Lok Sabha but pending in Rajya Sabha will lapse.

Condition 2

When bill will not lapse:

·      If the President had notified the joint session meeting before dissolving the house.

·      A bill pending in Rajya Sabha but not passed by the Lok Sabha will not lapse.

·      A bill passed by both houses but pending for President’s assent does not lapse

·      A bill send by President for reconsideration  of Houses does not lapse


The minimum attendance required to be present in the house is called as Quorum. It should be one tenth of the total number of members in each house.If the requirement of quorum is not meet then the presiding officers either adjourn the house or suspend the house until there is a quorum.

In another blog we would discuss about the legislative procedure of Parliament.


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