Parliament: Rajya Sabha Lok Sabha Speaker Chairman

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Parliament is said to be the temple of democracy. Here people come here from different corner to present people’s mandate. India follows the Westminster model of democracy. Executives are accountable to the Parliament for its policies. Let us discuss the Parliament in Detail.

Articles 79 to 122 deals with it.

Structure of Parliament

(i)Rajya Sabha (ii) Lok Sabha (iii) President

Rajya Sabha

It has the maximum strength of 250 members.

 Out of which 238 are to be represented by the states and Union Territory .

They are indirectly elected .The remaining 12 are nominated by President on the ground of art, literature social services.

 Number of seats allocation for states and UT are mentioned in the 4th schedule of the constitution.

What is fourth Schedule?

[Article 4(1) and 80(2)]

This deals with the allocation of seats given to states and UT.

Lok Sabha

The maximum strength of Lok Sabha is 552 members.

Out of which 530 are to be the representatives of states,20 are from UT and 2 are to be nominated by the President from Anglo-Indian community.

 They are directly elected by the people on the principal of universal adult franchise.

Duration of two houses

Rajya Sabha is a permanent house. This house is not subject to dissolve. But its member is retired from the office after the completion of 6 years.But in case of Lok Sabha with the dissolution of the house the tenure of member expires till he proves his mandate in election

Chairman Of Rajya Sabha in parliament

The vice president of India is the chairman of Rajya Sabha.

The Rajya sabha chairman is not the member of the house.

  • When the vice president is taking charge of President then he does not perform the duty of chairman of Rajya Sabha.
  •  He adjourns the house or suspend the meeting of the house.

His duty is to maintain discipline and decorum in the house.

 But he is deprived of two powers.

  • He cannot decide a bill to be a money bill.
  • The chairman cannot preside joint sitting of two houses.

He does not cast his vote in the first instance. But he can cast his vote if the house is equally divided into an issue. So his/her vote is taken as the tie breaker.The sole purpose is to resolve a deadlock.

Speaker of Lok Sabha in Parliament

Unlike the vice president of India, Speaker is the member of the house.

Election Procedure in parliament:

The speaker is elected by the Lok Sabha amongst its members. The date of election of Speaker is fixed by the President.

The tenure of Speaker is continued up to the formation of the new assembly.

But he could be disqualified on these ground:

  • If he ceases to be member of the Lok Sabha.
  • If he gives his resignation to the Deputy Speaker.
  • If he is removed by a resolution passed by the majority of all the members of the Lok Sabha. Such resolution would  require 14 days prior notice to move.

Like RajyaSabha chairman duty, his duty  is to maintain discipline and decorum in the house.

He casts his vote there is a tie.

Unlike Rajya Sabha chairman he enjoys two powers

  1. He can decide a bill as a money bill.
  2. Speaker is the one who presides the joint sitting of the Parliament.

Other functions of speaker are as under:

  • He\She is responsible for maintain the order and the decorum of the house.
  • Speaker is the final interpreter of the (a) Constitution of India (b) the Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business of Lok Sabha and (c) the parliamentary precedents within the house.
  • He adjourns the house or suspend the meeting of the house.
  • He does not cast his vote in the first instance. But he can cast his vote if the house is equally divided into an issue. So his/her vote is taken as the tie breaker.The sole purpose is to resolve a deadlock.
  • He has the power to take the decision over the disqualification of the member based on the tenth schedule.

In 1992 Supreme Court says that the decision of Speaker would come under judicial review.

  • He acts as the ex-officio chairman of the Indian Parliamentary Group.

Deputy Speaker

Election Procedure in the parliament:

The speaker is elected by the Lok Sabha amongst its members. The date of election of Deputy Speaker is fixed by the Speaker.

The tenure of Deputy Speaker is continued up to the life of the Lok Sabha

But he could be disqualified on these grounds:

  • If he ceases to be member of the Lok Sabha.
  • If he gives his resignation to the Speaker.
  • If he is removed by a resolution passed by the majority of all the members of the Lok Sabha. Such resolution would require 14 days prior notice to move.

 

Deputy Chairman

The deputy Chairman is elected by the Rajya Sabha amongst its member.

When the chairman of the house presides the house then the Deputy Chairman is like other ordinary member.

But he could be disqualified on these grounds

  • If he ceases to be member of the Rajya Sabha.
  • If he gives his resignation to the Chairman of the house.
  • If he is removed by a resolution passed by the majority of all the members of the Rajya Sabha. Such resolution would require 14 days prior notice to move.

Disclaimer

 This topic is long and required to discuss in parts for the better understanding of the topic. I hope that I am successful in making the structure of Parliament easier to you.

Next we would discuss about the other aspects of the parliament in my blogs

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