Amid the ongoing Russia Ukraine war, many were worried about the possible global hunger crisis, as many countries import food grains from other nations. This crisis had triggered food shortages in some parts of Africa.
Yesterday in the five months of invasion for the first time Ukraine’s grain was out for export. However the question remains that why these countries can’t grow their own crops.
Here I would first take the case study of Somalia
Somalia is situated in the Horn of Africa. It borders Ethiopia and Djibouti. In the north of Somalia there is the Gulf of Aden and to its east is the Indian Ocean.
It is a country situated in the Horn of Africa.
The Climate of Somalia is dependent on various factors like Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), monsoonal winds and ocean currents, jet-streams including the Somali Jet stream or Somalia Current, easterly waves, tropical cyclones, and neighboring Indian Ocean and Red Sea conditions.
Somalia’s average annual rainfall is 200mm. Now due to climate change the situation is quite different
What are the challenges of Somalia?
According to the Humanitarian Coordinator for Somalia, Adam Abdelmoula , 7.1 million people
are going to be affected by the drought by the end of this year.
This year 1.4 million children are facing acute malnutrition. 330,000 are to be severely malnourished.
According to a report from the UN Humanitarian office some 6.1 Somalis have been affected by drought .
Moreover there’s a history of failed rain for four year consecutively. Besides that, political upheaval worsens the condition.
Somalis have been facing famine since 2017 because of low rainfall, low harvest.
Being an unprivileged economy, a Drought Assessment found that 3 million dollars were lost.
What was done to fight the famine ?
The Somalia Emergency Drought Response Recovery Project (SEDRP) 50$ IDA Crisis Response Windows tried to bring a new solution to this problem.
Earlier Somalia was not eligible for IDA financing. Under these circumstances, the bank followed alternative partnership arrangements through FAO(Food Agriculture Organ) ICRC (International Committee of the Red Cross)
- Improving food access to 767,000 Somalis (of which, 42% consisted of women), and improving water access to 777,000 Somalis;
- Providing 9,500 Somali households with essential household item kits and 31,000 pregnant/lactating women and children under the age of five with basic nutrition services;
- Vaccinating and/or treating 8.9 million animals across 223,000 Somali households, and providing nutrition support to 24,000 animals;
- 31,000 pregnant/lactating women and children under the age of five with basic nutrition services; and
- They Distributed seeds for planting, rented tractors to till farmland and cash to meet basic requirements of the Somali population in exchange for work performed.
Let’s see how far it helped
With a view to increase the population’s resilience against future natural disasters, the project also financed:
- A cash-for-work program through FAO that engaged Amis13,100 Somalis and which rehabilitated 87 public structures, including water catchments, irrigation canals and soil bunds; and
- The rehabilitation of 33 water infrastructures through ICRC
Why can’t Somalia grow their crops?
Although many programs were initiated, if there is a constant political conflict, the country can’t focus on what is the need of the people.
We can do miracles with technology and reverse nature if required but only if one is rich enough to support such measures. Somalia is an underdeveloped economy so for her finding the solution to grow crops is difficult.
Sometimes technology can’t challenge nature. Somalia is dying to get rain but it hasn’t rained for the past 4 -5 years.
Hence this condition has made countries like Somalia to be dependent on the imports of grain from Ukraine and Russia who are involved in war.
Besides, food security can’t be secured by depending on other nations Nonetheless we all should help Somalia to be self-sufficient in agriculture.
We need to focus on climate change.